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Admission to pursue law qualifications

1.1 The Bachelor of Laws (LLB)

The LLB is now the only qualification acceptable for admission into the legal profession either as an attorney or advocate.  The requirements that a person seeking admission to study for the degree must meet depends on the qualification that the person currently holds and the LLB degree option that the person wishes to pursue. There are presently five LLB degree options available at Fort Hare and they are as follows:

The four-year undergraduate option 
This requires an applicant to be in possession of a matriculation exemption/endorsement which means that the person has met the legal minimum admission requirement for degree study in South Africa. However, applicants without a matriculation exemption may be admitted under the University’s Senate Discretionary Exemption (SDE) dispensation in which event they will have to satisfy additional curriculum requirements.

The three- year postgraduate option
This requires the applicant to be in possession of an undergraduate degree in any discipline (without law subjects or with insufficient law subjects to qualify for the two or one year options described below).

The two-year postgraduate option
This is available to persons who are in possession of the B Juris or BA (Law) degree from any South African university. Persons who have completed any undergraduate degree with a substantial number of law subjects (such as Rhodes University graduates with a major in Legal Theory) may also be admitted to pursue the UFH LLB under this option.

The one-year postgraduate option
This special fast-track option is available only to persons in possession of the B Proc degree.

1.2 The Master of Laws (LLM)
The Master of Laws programme at Fort Hare can only be undertaken by research/dissertation.  It is available to persons who are in possession of the LLB or B Proc or any other qualification that the UFH Senate may consider to be equivalent to either one of the above-mentioned degrees.

1.3 The Master of Arts in Human Rights (MA Human Rights)
This postgraduate programme is undertaken by a combination of coursework, fieldwork, and research.  It is available to persons who are in possession of any undergraduate degree considered suitable by the Higher Degrees Committee of the School of Law.


Registration                                                                   ^top

For the purposes of ensuring proper registration, all undergraduate and postgraduate law students are required to comply strictly with the School of Law rules governing the relevant qualification (set out below) and with the applicable general rules contained in the General Prospectus.


School Rules Relaing to Qualifictions in Law                         ^top

General Note: The rules for programmes in law as stated below, are to be read in conjunction with the provisions of the Higher Education Act, the Statute of the University and the General Rules for students contained in the General Prospectus. Whenever a module is taken that is offered in another Faculty, the rules of that Faculty applicable to that module, shall apply.

L.1     Qualifications
                The following qualifications are conferred:
                Bachelor of Laws (LLB)
                Master of Laws (LLM)
                Master of Arts in Human Rights (MA Human Rights)

L.2     Programmes in Law and minimum periods of registration/credits for each

2.1           Degree Programmes
LLB (21 502), Bachelor of Laws
2.1.1        Undergraduate Stream (Alice and East London Campuses):
Minimum 8 semesters. Minimum credits 570; 284 at NQF Level 6.
2.1.2        Postgraduate Streams (Alice and East London Campuses)
                2-6 semesters depending on the undergraduate degree held by the learner.  See  curriculum below.
2.2           Post Graduate Programmes
LLM (21 500) -  Master of Laws (by dissertation)
                Minimum credits: 768; 512 at entry level+256 at NQF Level 8.

L.3          Interpretation of Codes:
The following applies in relation to the interpretation of module codes as listed in these rules, in relation to the curricula for the relevant programmes in Law:
3.1           the first digit indicates the level at which the module is offered, i.e: 1 for elementary modules at NQF level 6 (to be taken during the first year of study); 2 for intermediary modules at NQF level 6 (for which learners MAY NOT register before having obtained the number of elementary credits as stipulated); and 3 & 4 for modules that can only be taken at NQF level 7 (third year of study and beyond).
3.2           the second digit indicates the semester in which a module is offered, i.e. 1 for a first semester module; 2 for a second semester module, and 0 for a module which is not semesterized.

THE LLB PROGRAMME                                                                 ^top

L.4          Admission:
In addition to the general admission requirements in terms of General Rule 2.4, a learner who wishes to register for any programme in law, may be required by Senate to –
4.1           submit testimonials in support of his/her application for admission; and/or
4.2           attend an interview and/or
4.3           undergo an admission test.

L.5          Credit:
Exemption may be granted on the ground of prior learning, as provided for in General Rule 2.8: Provided that, if a learner holds a B Juris, B Proc or any other first degree qualification from the University or any other University, the said Rule 2.8 shall not apply in so far as it restricts credits to half of the relevant modules and the learner shall receive, upon proceeding to the LLB, credit for all the modules prescribed for the LLB, that were obtained towards the B Juris, B Proc or such other qualification; provided further that a learner registering for the LLB, shall in addition to the above exemptions, register and obtain credit for modules representing not less than 144 credits while he/she is registered for the LLB.

L.6          Offering of Modules and Order in Which Learners May Register for Modules:
6.1           The offering of elective modules shall always be subject to the provisions of General Rule 3.7 and 3.8. A list of electives that can, considering the academic staffing position, be offered in any particular year, will be made available to prospective learners at registration: Provided that Senate may still decide not to offer the module due to insufficient number of interested learners; provided further that Senate may set a maximum class size and determine the criteria for admission to such module.
6.2           Registration of a candidate as an occasional learner, as contemplated in General Rule 3.10, shall be limited to modules representing not more than 16 credits per semester and provided that at no time shall a learner register for modules representing an aggregate of more than 72 credits per semester.
6.3           Unless designated as optional or elective modules, all modules offered in the Law programmes are compulsory and shall, subject to all the provisions of General Rule 3, be registered for at the appropriate level of study. However, part time learners at the Bhisho Campus and learners in the postgraduate streams shall be allowed a measure of flexibility in the registration of law modules. Such learners shall register in terms of guidelines and according to a timetable that will be made available on registration.

L.7          Module Participation and Assessment
7.1           The modes and procedures of formative and summative assessment, awarding of a qualification cum laude, supplementary assessment, reassessment and special examinations for learners, shall be as prescribed respectively by General Rules 5,6,7, 8 and 9. Details of all assessments that take place outside the examination room, shall be communicated to learners in the study guide for the module concerned, or as otherwise determined by the Dean.
7.2           Learners shall be entitled to remarking and scrutiny of scripts, as provided for in General Rules 10 and 11.

L.8          Due Performance Requirement
Subject to such additional requirement(s) as may be set out in the General Rules, a learner shall only be entitled to write the final examination in a module if s/he has obtained:
8.1           100% attendance at lectures, unless the learner was absent with leave of absence obtained prior to the date of the lecture(s) from which the learner was absent;
8.2           75% attendance at tutorials (in modules where tutorials are part of the learning programme);
8.3           100% participation in mandatory tests and assignments;
8.4           Leave of absence shall only be granted to learners in exceptional circumstances.

L.9          LLB Curricula (undergraduate and postgraduate streams): The curricula for the undergraduate and postgraduate LLB streams and the credits per module are as set out in Annexure One. Modules must be taken at levels as prescribed therein.

L.10        Promotion to Next Level (undergraduate and postgraduate  LLB streams):
10.1         The minimum credits for promotion to the next level shall be as follows:
10.2         LLB 4-year (Undergraduate) Stream :
For registration of intermediary NQF Level 6 modules: 82 NQF Level 6 elementary module credits;  
For registration of NQF Level 7 modules: 182 credits at NQF Level 6;
A learner shall be deemed to be in his/her final year of study if there are no more than 168 credits outstanding towards completion of the programme.
10.3         LLB postgraduate streams:
A learner shall be deemed to be in his/her final year of study if there are no more than 192 credits outstanding
towards completion of the programme.

L.11        Completion of Curriculum
11.1         A learner in his/her final year, shall complete not less than 64 credits in modules at NQF Level 7 in the same (i.e. final) year of study.
11.2         A learner may, subject to approval of Senate on recommendation of Faculty, obtain credit for non‑law modules, other than those listed in the curriculum for the LLB degree set out in Annexure One.


L.12        The Legal Studies Programme is effectively a five-year stream of the LLB in that learners enter the programme with the intention of initially completing a BA, BSocSc or BCom degree with one of the majors being legal Studies. During the three years of study leading to either one of the said degrees, learners complete the first two years of the four-year LLB curriculum (set out in L.15 and L.16 below). Thereafter, the learner will be eligible to complete the LLB in two years following a (minimum) two-year curriculum consisting of the modules set out in L.17 and L.18 below).  The detailed programme-specific rules applicable to learners pursuing the Legal Studies major will be available to learners at registration.


L.13        General: General Rules 13‑16 shall apply mutatis mutandis to all Masters programmes in Law.

L.13        Master of Laws (LLM 21500) (Alice and East London Campuses)
13.1         Admission Requirements: LLB or B Proc, or any qualification recognized by Senate as the equivalent to these qualifications.
13.2         Assessment:
13.3         A dissertation on an approved topic;
13.4         External evaluation of the dissertation in accordance with General Rules 13-16.

Masters in Human Rights                                                          ^top

L.14        Masters in Human Rights (MA Human Rights - 21502)
14.1         Admission requirements: An appropriate first degree or postgraduate qualification;
                Evidence of ability to successfully complete the programme;
                Candidates shall be required to have obtained a minimum of 480 credits.
14.2         Assessment: Continuous assessment through assignments and essays, presentation of case studies,   participation on work seminars, submission of portfolio and reports, supervision and monitoring, and dissertation.  Summative assessment through 3-hour examination (where necessary).
14.3         Module content:
14.3.1      Core modules:   

      MHR 711: Human Rights Theory and Practice       (60 credits)
      MHR 713: Human Rights Research Methods          (60 credits)
      MHR 714: Human Rights Contemporary Issues     (60 credits)
      MHR 722: Human Rights Internship                      (30 credits)
      MHR 733: Dissertation                                        (60 credits)


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